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Die Schwarze Mamba ist mit einer durchschnittlichen Länge von etwa 2,50 Metern und einer Maximallänge von über 4,50 Metern die längste Giftschlange Afrikas. Die Black Mamba [ˌblækˈmæmbə] (englisch für „Schwarze Mamba“) ist eine Achterbahn im Themenbereich Deep in Africa [ ˈdiːp ɪn ˈæfɹɪkə] (englisch für. Black Mamba steht für: Black Mamba, eine Achterbahn im deutschen Freizeitpark Phantasialand; Black Mamba, der englische Name der Schlangenart. Rasen Sie mit dem Inverted Coaster (Achterbahn) Black Mamba mit Looping, Überschlägen und Schrauben durch Abgründe und Schluchten. Die berüchtigte "Black Mamba" gilt als mit Abstand steilste Piste am Kitzsteinhorn Gletscher in Zell am See-Kaprun. Mit einem Gefälle von sage und schreibe

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Wie eine giftige Schlange schlängelt sich die „Black Mamba“ zum Langwiedboden. Giftig, weil die schmale Piste Nummer 14 mit 63 % die mit Abstand steilste. Rasen Sie mit dem Inverted Coaster (Achterbahn) Black Mamba mit Looping, Überschlägen und Schrauben durch Abgründe und Schluchten. Die Schwarze Mamba ist mit einer durchschnittlichen Länge von etwa 2,50 Metern und einer Maximallänge von über 4,50 Metern die längste Giftschlange Afrikas.

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Black mambas live in the savannas and rocky hills of southern and eastern Africa. They are also among the fastest snakes in the world, slithering at speeds of up to They get their name not from their skin color, which tends to be olive to gray, but rather from the blue-black color of the inside of their mouth, which they display when threatened.

Black mambas are shy and will almost always seek to escape when confronted. However, when cornered, these snakes will raise their heads, sometimes with a third of their body off the ground, spread their cobra-like neck-flap, open their black mouths, and hiss.

If an attacker persists, the mamba will strike not once, but repeatedly, injecting large amounts of potent neuro- and cardiotoxin with each strike.

Before the advent of black mamba antivenin , a bite from this fearsome serpent was almost always fatal , usually within about 20 minutes. Encroachment on the black mamba's territory is not only putting pressure on the species but contributes to more potentially dangerous human contact with these snakes.

Black mambas are diurnal ; in South Africa, they are recorded to bask between 7 and 10 am and again from 2 to 4 pm. They may return daily to the same basking site.

Skittish and often unpredictable, the black mamba is agile and can move quickly. During the threat display, any sudden movement by the intruder may provoke the snake into performing a series of rapid strikes, leading to severe envenomation.

The black mamba's breeding season spans from September to February, [22] following the drop in temperature which occurs from April to June.

Some observers have mistaken this for courtship. The female will signal its readiness to mate by lifting its tail and staying still.

The male will then coil itself around the posterior end of the female and align its tail ventrolaterally with the female's. Intromission may last longer than two hours and the pair remain motionless apart from occasional spasms from the male.

The black mamba is oviparous ; the female lays a clutch of 6—17 eggs. Juvenile black mambas are very apprehensive and can be deadly like the adults.

The black mamba usually hunts from a permanent lair, to which it will regularly return if there is no disturbance. It mostly preys on small vertebrates such as birds , particularly nestlings and fledglings, and small mammals like rodents , bats , hyraxes and bushbabies.

In the Transvaal area of South Africa , almost all recorded prey was rather small, largely consisting of rodents and similarly sized small or juvenile mammals as well as passerine birds, estimated to weigh only 1.

The snake's potent digestive system has been recorded to fully digest prey in eight to ten hours. Adult mambas have few natural predators aside from birds of prey.

Brown snake eagles are verified predators of adult black mambas, of up to at least 2. The black mamba is the most feared snake in Africa because of its size, aggression, venom toxicity and speed of onset of symptoms following envenomation, [22] and is classified as a snake of medical importance by the World Health Organization.

Of these 75 cases, 63 had symptoms of systemic envenomation and 21 died. Those bitten before received a polyvalent antivenom that had no effect on black mamba venom, and 15 of 35 people who received the antivenom died.

A mamba-specific antivenom was introduced in , followed by a fully polyvalent antivenom in Over this period, 5 of 38 people bitten by black mambas and given antivenom died.

Black mambas were confirmed in 15 cases, of which 2 died. Unlike many venomous snake species, black mamba venom does not contain protease enzymes.

Its bites do not generally cause local swelling or necrosis , and the only initial symptom may be a tingling sensation in the area of the bite.

The snake tends to bite repeatedly and let go, so there can be multiple puncture wounds. The venom is predominantly neurotoxic , and symptoms often become apparent within ten minutes.

In , the proteome complete protein profile of black mamba venom was assessed and published, revealing 41 distinct proteins and one nucleoside.

There is research interest in their analgesic potential. The composition of black mamba venom differs markedly from those of other mambas, all of which contain predominantly three-finger toxin agents.

Unlike many snake species, black mamba venom has little phospholipase A2 content. Standard first aid treatment for any suspected bite from a venomous snake is the application of a pressure bandage to the bite site, minimisation of movement of the victim and conveyance to a hospital or clinic as quickly as possible.

The neurotoxic nature of black mamba venom means an arterial tourniquet may be of benefit. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 2 August This article is about a species of venomous snake.

For other uses, see Black mamba disambiguation. Species of venomous snake. Conservation status. Günther , [2]. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

Retrieved 12 December Reptile Database. Retrieved 10 September Kirk in the Zambesi and Nyassa Regions". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.

A Greek-English Lexicon Abridged ed. Oxford University Press. Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 11 January Jahre : — Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum Natural History.

Department of Zoology. International Zoo Yearbook. A species-level phylogeny of extant snakes with description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus.

PLOS One. Bibcode : PLoSO.. A complete guide to the snakes of southern Africa New ed. Snakes of the World. Facts on File, Inc. National Geographic.

Retrieved 3 December Taxonomic confusion and dietary records for black and green mambas Dendroaspis: Elapidae ". South Australian Museum.

Government of South Australia. Archived from the original PDF on 18 July Retrieved 8 February Australian Reptile Online Database. Retrieved 3 May Journal of Herpetology.

Wilderness and Environmental Medicine. African Snakebite Institute. Retrieved 5 June The Reptiles of the Kruger National Park p.

Ons reptiele. CUM boeke, Roodepert.

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All rights reserved. Black mambas are actually brown in color. They get their name from the blue-black of the inside of their mouths, which they display when threatened.

Black mambas are fast, nervous, lethally venomous, and when threatened, highly aggressive. They have been blamed for numerous human deaths, and African myths exaggerate their capabilities to legendary proportions.

Black mambas live in the savannas and rocky hills of southern and eastern Africa. They are also among the fastest snakes in the world, slithering at speeds of up to They get their name not from their skin color, which tends to be olive to gray, but rather from the blue-black color of the inside of their mouth, which they display when threatened.

It has a coffin-shaped head with a somewhat pronounced brow ridge and a medium-sized eye. Specimens vary considerably in colour, including olive, yellowish-brown, khaki and gunmetal but are rarely black.

The scales of some individuals may have a purplish sheen. Individuals occasionally display dark mottling towards the posterior, which may appear in the form of diagonal crossbands.

Black mambas have greyish-white underbellies and the inside of the mouth is dark bluish-grey to nearly black.

Mamba eyes range between greyish-brown and shades of black; the pupil is surrounded by a silvery-white or yellow colour. Juvenile snakes are lighter in colour than adults; these are typically grey or olive green and darken as they age.

The number and pattern of scales on a snake's body are a key element of identification to species level. Its eyes have 3 or occasionally 4 preocular and 2—5 postocular scales.

In , the black mamba was recorded in the Dakar region of Senegal. This observation, and a subsequent observation that identified a second specimen in the region in , has not been confirmed and thus the snake's distribution in this area is inconclusive.

The species prefers moderately dry environments such as light woodland and scrub, rocky outcrops and semi-arid savanna. The black mamba is both terrestrial and arboreal.

On the ground, it moves with its head and neck raised, and typically uses termite mounds, abandoned burrows, rock crevices and tree cracks as shelter.

Black mambas are diurnal ; in South Africa, they are recorded to bask between 7 and 10 am and again from 2 to 4 pm.

They may return daily to the same basking site. Skittish and often unpredictable, the black mamba is agile and can move quickly.

During the threat display, any sudden movement by the intruder may provoke the snake into performing a series of rapid strikes, leading to severe envenomation.

The black mamba's breeding season spans from September to February, [22] following the drop in temperature which occurs from April to June.

Some observers have mistaken this for courtship. The female will signal its readiness to mate by lifting its tail and staying still.

The male will then coil itself around the posterior end of the female and align its tail ventrolaterally with the female's.

Intromission may last longer than two hours and the pair remain motionless apart from occasional spasms from the male. The black mamba is oviparous ; the female lays a clutch of 6—17 eggs.

Juvenile black mambas are very apprehensive and can be deadly like the adults. The black mamba usually hunts from a permanent lair, to which it will regularly return if there is no disturbance.

It mostly preys on small vertebrates such as birds , particularly nestlings and fledglings, and small mammals like rodents , bats , hyraxes and bushbabies.

In the Transvaal area of South Africa , almost all recorded prey was rather small, largely consisting of rodents and similarly sized small or juvenile mammals as well as passerine birds, estimated to weigh only 1.

The snake's potent digestive system has been recorded to fully digest prey in eight to ten hours. Adult mambas have few natural predators aside from birds of prey.

Brown snake eagles are verified predators of adult black mambas, of up to at least 2. The black mamba is the most feared snake in Africa because of its size, aggression, venom toxicity and speed of onset of symptoms following envenomation, [22] and is classified as a snake of medical importance by the World Health Organization.

Of these 75 cases, 63 had symptoms of systemic envenomation and 21 died. Those bitten before received a polyvalent antivenom that had no effect on black mamba venom, and 15 of 35 people who received the antivenom died.

A mamba-specific antivenom was introduced in , followed by a fully polyvalent antivenom in Over this period, 5 of 38 people bitten by black mambas and given antivenom died.

Black mambas were confirmed in 15 cases, of which 2 died. Unlike many venomous snake species, black mamba venom does not contain protease enzymes.

Its bites do not generally cause local swelling or necrosis , and the only initial symptom may be a tingling sensation in the area of the bite.

The snake tends to bite repeatedly and let go, so there can be multiple puncture wounds. The venom is predominantly neurotoxic , and symptoms often become apparent within ten minutes.

In , the proteome complete protein profile of black mamba venom was assessed and published, revealing 41 distinct proteins and one nucleoside.

There is research interest in their analgesic potential. The composition of black mamba venom differs markedly from those of other mambas, all of which contain predominantly three-finger toxin agents.

Unlike many snake species, black mamba venom has little phospholipase A2 content. Standard first aid treatment for any suspected bite from a venomous snake is the application of a pressure bandage to the bite site, minimisation of movement of the victim and conveyance to a hospital or clinic as quickly as possible.

The neurotoxic nature of black mamba venom means an arterial tourniquet may be of benefit. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 2 August This article is about a species of venomous snake. For other uses, see Black mamba disambiguation.

Species of venomous snake. Conservation status. Günther , [2]. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 12 December Reptile Database.

Retrieved 10 September Kirk in the Zambesi and Nyassa Regions". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. A Greek-English Lexicon Abridged ed.

Oxford University Press. Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 11 January Jahre : — Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum Natural History.

Department of Zoology. International Zoo Yearbook. A species-level phylogeny of extant snakes with description of a new colubrid subfamily and genus.

PLOS One. Bibcode : PLoSO.. A complete guide to the snakes of southern Africa New ed. Snakes of the World. Facts on File, Inc. National Geographic.

Retrieved 3 December

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